You don’t have to be a software engineer to understand the Internet of Things. Below you’ll find simple, non-technical explanations of key IoT concepts you need to know.
What Is C-V2X? Cellular Vehicle-to-Everything Explained
15.06.2022 C-V2X is one of the main ways IoT is being used in transportation. It utilizes cellular IoT to enable vehicles to understand and react to their environment in real time. While perhaps the most obvious application is that it enhances automation in driverless cars, it also improves the information drivers have at their fingertips, particularly when it comes to navigation and visibility, and it can simplify toll and parking systems.
What Are Smart Utilities? The Future of Resource Management
Smart utilities are vital to energy conservation efforts. They also create significant savings opportunities for customers and providers alike.
What Is Transport Layer Security (TLS)?
As the name implies, Transport Layer Security is a protocol that gets implemented on the transport layer of a network to encrypt data transmitted via HTTP, FTP, XMPP, etc. TLS is typically implemented in conjunction with protocols like Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which prioritizes accuracy over speed. However, in some cases it can be used with connection less protocols like User Datagram Protocol (UDP) - then using a slight variant called DTLS.
What Is Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP)?
Why use OCPP? OCCP defines how charge stations and central management systems transmit commands like start and stop power, as well as diagnostic data such as how much power is being consumed or if there are any errors. By standardizing these transmissions, OCCP ensures that charge stations and central management systems from different suppliers can communicate.
What Is LTE Cat-M2?
LTE Cat-M2 offers the same advantages as Cat-M1, but with faster speeds. In order to use Cat-M2, Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) have to upgrade their Cat-M1 infrastructure. IoT manufacturers, however, won’t need to invest in new technologies: Cat-M1 modems are still compatible with Cat-M2 networks, and Cat-M2 uses the same frequency bands. Since 2016, MNOs have been building up their Cat-M1 infrastructure, but in the future, this will all be Cat-M2.
What Is LTE Cat-1?
LTE has more than 20 distinct User Equipment (UE) categories that define specific uplink and downlink capabilities. The lower the category number, the slower its data speeds are. This means LTE Cat-1 consumes less power and is less complex than higher LTE UE categories, making it better suited for battery-powered devices.
What is Internet Breakout?
So an Internet breakout may be your local Wi-Fi router at home - or the gateway of your IoT sensors. In a cellular network internet breakout is the point where the data leaves the operator network. So for local networks such as Wi-Fi or Bluetooth - the internet breakout is usually at the location of the device itself - for cellular networks the breakout is in a central place of the home operator - the one that sold the SIM card.
What Is Data Pooling?
In the Internet of Things, data pooling allows manufacturers to have a data allowance for all their devices, rather than paying per device and needing to pay additionally for devices that exceed the data per device.
What Is Network Redundancy?
In common usage, “redundancy” isn’t necessarily a good thing. It means something isn’t needed. But in engineering, redundancy is critical—a redundant component or function serves as a backup in case something crucial fails, so the system can continue operating or quickly be restored.