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Global 2G Phase Out: What Do We Know So Far?

 

Global 2G Phase Out: What Do We Know So Far?

With increasing 4G proliferation and 5G already being rolled out in some regions, network operators’ focus has been shifting away from 2G networks for quite some time now.

The move away from 2G will undoubtedly be a significant transition for many IoT and M2M companies, in the meantime many M2M devices still use 2G connectivity and the market demand remains strong.

With this in mind, we take an overview look at how the global 2G switch-off is progressing. With no global roadmap for phasing-out 2G, our overview will focus on the state of play for 2G by region: East-Asia, Australia & Oceania, Europe, Africa, North-America, Central and South-America.

 

East Asia

East Asia is leading the way in regard to switching-off 2G networks. In certain countries in the region, such as Japan, Macau, Singapore and South Korea, there is no 2G available at all. In Taiwan and Thailand, the major network operators have already phased out 2G with some operators in those countries still offering 2G services for a limited time.

2G Switch-Off

Network Operator

Country

Technology

31.03.2008

KDDI

Japan

CDMA

31.03.2010

Softbank

Japan

PDC

01.04.2012

NTT DOCOMO

Japan

PDC

01.01.2012

KT Corp

South Korea

CDMA

30.04.2013

CAT Telecom

Thailand

CDMA

XX.XX.2018

DTAC

Thailand

GSM

30.06.2015

CTM

Macau

GSM

30.06.2015

Hutchison

Macau

GSM

30.06.2015

SmarTone

Macau

GSM

01.04.2017

M1

Singapore

GSM

01.04.2017

SingTel

Singapore

GSM

01.04.2017

StarHub

Singapore

GSM

31.12.2017

Chunghwa

Taiwan

GSM

31.12.2017

FET

Taiwan

GSM

31.12.2017

Taiwan Mobile

Taiwan

GSM

XX.XX.2020

APTG

Taiwan

GSM

 

Oceania

Vodafone New Zealand still operates a 2G network with no switch-off date having been announced. However, in Australia, Vodafone switched off its 2G network on 30th June 2018.

2G Switch-Off

Network Operator

Country

Technology

31.07.2012

Spark

New Zealand

CDMA

01.12.2016

Telstra

Australia

GSM

01.04.2017

Optus

Australia

GSM

30.08.2018

Vodafone

Australia

GSM

 

Europe

In some European countries it could be the case where 2G may even outlive 3G, UMTS. Norwegian MNO Telenor announced 3G switch-off in 2020 – five years before 2G.

Vodafone has announced it is to phase-out 3G networks across Europe in 2020 and 2021 while Deutsche Telekom plans to continue 3G, UMTS until the end of 2020. However, there are no plans by either Vodafone, Deutsche Telekom or Telefonica for 2G switch off.

2G Switch-Off

Network Operator

Country

Technology

31.12.2018

Sunrise

Switzerland

GSM

31.12.2020

Swisscom

Switzerland

GSM

31.12.2020

T-Mobile

Netherlands

GSM

31.12.2025

Telenor

Norway

GSM

 

North America

As of 2020, there will be no 2G network available in North America.

2G Switch-Off

Network Operator

Country

Technology

31.12.2016

AT&T

USA

CDMA

31.12.2019

Verizon Wireless

USA

CDMA

XX.XX.2020

T-Mobile

USA

GSM

01.12.2016

Manitoba Telecom

Canada

CDMA

01.01.2017

Bell

Canada

CDMA

31.01.2017

Telus

Canada

CDMA

31.07.2017

SaskTel

Canada

CDMA

 

Africa, Central America and South America

These markets are less developed than those above, and as such will not lead the way when it comes to refarming spectrum to accommodate LTE. There is no mass switch off of 2G in these regions expected until 2020.

2G Switch-Off

Network Operator

Country

Technology

31.12.2014

CNT

Ecuador

CDMA

 

If IoT and M2M companies hope to continue to compete after 2G networks are shut down around the world, they must evolve – and implement hardware that supports modern cellular technologies. Whether you decide to stick with 2G for now or migrate to 3G, 4G or LTE - we can help set you on the right path for your IoT deployment


Contact us and speak to one of our experts who will be able to pinpoint the best IoT connectivity strategy for your business.

Via email: info@emnify.com or phone: +49-30-5557-33333

 

Please note:
All information in this article has been gathered from open sources at best effort.
EMnify takes no liability regarding the correctness. 

  

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